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Formalizing medical knowledge and procedures is a means to introduce artificial intelligence in the practice of medicine. In the last years we have witnessed the increasing advances and continuous incorporation of computer technologies for knowledge representation and process modeling as a means to improve health care and to provide every time more automated and modern clinical services.

These technologies remain at the very core of other medical informatics areas such as decision support systems, e-health, m-health, smart health, simulation, clinical alarm systems, electronic health care records, patient-centered care, modeling, standardization, and quality assessment. 

The Joint International Workshop KR4HC-ProHealth in 2017 is the fifth time that two separate research communities merge to address common medical issues, to discuss about new trends, and to propose solutions to health care issues by means of the integration of knowledge representation and process management technologies as a contribution of the advance of medical informatics.

As part of medical informatics, the knowledge-representation for health care (KR4HC) view focuses on representing and reasoning with medical knowledge in computers as a means to support knowledge management, clinical decision-making, and health care modeling and medical simulation. This community aims at developing efficient representations, technologies, and tools for integrating all the important elements that health care providers work with: Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) and healthcare information systems, clinical practice guidelines, and standardized medical vocabularies.

As part of business process management, the process-oriented information systems in healthcare (ProHealth) view focuses on using business process management technology to provide effective solutions for the management of healthcare processes. This community aims at adapting successful process management solutions to health care processes and needs, with a particular interest in organization, optimization, cooperation, risk analysis, flexibility, re-utilization, and integration of health care tasks and teams.