All about Banzai RTD Projects



K4CARE
www.k4care.net
state:
closed
see also:
google search.
Summary: In eHealth it is increasingly necessary to develop tele-informatic applications that can support everyone involved in providing basic medical assistance (doctors, nurses, patients, relatives, and citizens in general).  The care of senior citizens, chronically ill and disabled people, and people with mental illnesses involves life long treatment under continuous expert supervision. Moreover, health care workers and patients accept that being cared for in hospitals or social centres may be unnecessary and even counterproductive. From a global view, such patients may saturate national health services and increase health related costs. The debate over the crisis of financing health care is open and is a basic political issue for old and new EU member countries and could hinder European convergence. To face these challenges we can differentiate medical assistance in health centres from assistance in a ubiquitous way (Home Care model); the latter can undoubtedly benefit from the introduction of ICT. This project will develop a platform to manage the information needed to guarantee an ICT Home Care service.


HYGIA
web page (in Spanish)
state:
closed
see also:
google search.
Summary: In this project we propose the use of Intelligent Systems in the processes of acquiring, formalizing, adaptating, using and assessing knowledge models that describe Care Pathways (CPs). This project sets out that CPs are not generated directly from the clinical practice guideline (CPGs), but from electronic protocols, that represent versions of the adapted guidelines when they are made specific to the particular healthcare circumstances. The CPs obtained could be used by intelligent computer science distributed systems to facilitate the decision making that allows the e-care in the context of a new Information Society. The project considers in a frame of convergence of diverse technologies developed in diverse work groups and European and national R+D projects of which the present investigators have been or are co-ordinators (PROTOCURE I, PROTOCURE II, K4CARE, HeCaSe, PalliaSys, AgentCities Working Group on Health Care Applications, AgentLink III Technical Forum Group on Applications of Agents in Health Care). It is defined, therefore, like a project that integrates compatible and complementary groups that at the moment have obtained financing of independent way, with the purpose of forming a group of national and international reference in the area of the management of the medical knowledge.


Palliasys
web page (in Spanish)
state: closed
see also:
google search.
Summary: The arrival of the Information Society (IST) based on the Information and Communication New Technologies is forcing changes in the way that different sectors of the society work, and the health care sector is one of them. Health assistance is provided by a distributed network of services (hospitals, primary health care unit, out-patients services, and at-home care) to people with different requirements who can access these services: patients, general practitioners, physicians, nurses, secretaries, hospital managers, etc. The new technologies can improve this access to the health care services. PALLIASYS' main objective is to develop an application to help the palliative patient assistance, in particular the at-home patients. A palliative patient is in the last stage of a painful and long disease and requires a treatment to ease his last days suffering. The patient stays at home, if the disease allows that, surrounded by his relatives, but he is continuously monitored by health assistants, and if needed he may be moved to a hospital or a palliative hospice. The new communication technologies (e.g. mobile phones, Internet, PDAs) can be employed to facilitate the interaction between patients, health care providers, and medical data. On the other hand, the patient medical records stored in the Palliative Care Unit at the Santa Cruz y San Pablo Hospital (Barcelona) can be analysed to extract and discover knowledge from the patient historical Data-Bases in order to provide doctors with decision support mechanisms. The project aims to integrate four sub-systems that we are currently working on: (1) telecommunication system, (2) Secured storage of medical records, (3) Use of the stored information to improve the patient's care in two aspects: health care control (visits, prescriptions, tests, etc.) and data analysis (patient profile model creation, relevant data and parameters, etc.), and (4) knowledge generation to support medical decision making.

hTechSight
web page
state:
closed
see also:
google search.
Summary: Effective use of the web as an information resource is becoming a pre-requisite for competitive business performance: the trouble is that, once again, we simply do not have the time to scan everything! There is no "one-stop-shop", the information is fragmented and dispersed in a bewildering (and rapidly growing) array of websites. Confronted with this situation, how can we turn the web into an effective weapon for competitive advantage? The objective of the h-TechSight Project aims to provide an answer to this question.


Cosys
web page
state:
closed
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google search.
Summary: Extension of a computer system of hospitalization with techniques of calculation based on GRD, calculation of real costs by patient, adjustment of weights relative to the budgetary comparative GRD and with possibility of partial and marginal studies by type of patient, treatment and sanitary structure.


AgentCities.NET
state: open
Summary: Agentcities.NET is a Take Up Action, TRIAL/TESTBED support activity, helping create an open dynamic service environment based on Agent technology and make it accessible to potential users. The project acts a support to European / worldwide research and industry groups wishing to participate in the development of an open, worldwide interoperable agent network (Agentcities).


SMASH
web page
state:
closed

Summary: Project to study and implement multi-agent systems and to apply them in medical domains. It begun considering some reasoning methods and their adaptation to multi-agent systems and studyin the constructions of models to formalize the epistemic, intentional and communicative aspects. Some architectures on models for rational agents (i.e. systems that are permanently engaged in the process of rational inquiry) were made. The main topic in the project is to have a formal model of this process. In particular, it was explored the possibility of making some changes in the classical possible worlds model in order to avoid the logical omniscience problem. Another aspect related with multi-agent systems that is studied in our group is the knowledge integration process (data fusion or aggregation of information). These processes are needed by a system in order to have a better representation of the environment or to make decisions. Note that, in fact, some of the results described below are previous to the beginning of the SMASH project.


VIM
web page
state:
closed
Summary: This project was centered in the elaboration of tools and techniques for the automatic construction and validation of knowledge based systems. In particular, in relation to the construction of knowledge based systems, we have developed tools to extract domain knowledge (for example, in the form of rules) from non structured information. Most of the work on rule extraction was carried out by David Riaño in his PhD thesis which was supervised by Ulises Cortés from the UPC. The implementation of a classifier system (SEDÀS) to be used in this framework allowed us to obtain some theoretical results on the semantics of linguistic labels in knowledge acquisition systems. We have also considered when the elicited knowledge does not come from a single expert but from a set of them. We have developed a tool (EGAC) that synthesizes data matrices from several experts. The result of this tool can be used later to generate rules. We have integrated recently the classifier system SEDÀS and the aggregation method EGAC and we are integrating also an automatic generator of rules. In the aspects related to validation of knowledge based systems (i.e., when a KBS behaves correctly) we have started from the knowledge of a set of experts over a set of cases. To validate the KBS we compare the results of the KBS with the ones of the experts on the set of cases. We face this problem applying functions and techniques from knowledge integration. Also in the framework of this project, we have collaborated with the GMD (Gesellschaft für Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung MBH) in Berlin to apply fuzzy logic techniques to problems related to the compilation of programs in parallel machines (configuration decisions in mapping). We have built a fuzzy logic based multi-stage inference system. This work was included in the case for extension of the VIM project. The use of a fuzzy inference system has obliged us to face the aspects related to the defuzzification of the output of the system. In the mentioned work with Angela Sodan from GMD, we faced the defuzzification of a fuzzy set when the reference set is discrete with a new approach. We considered the defuzzification of a set in relation to a set of constraints. More recently, we have also studied defuzzification of fuzzy sets in a continuous domain.